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Emergency Contraceptive Pills

Emergency Contraceptive Pills

What are Emergency Contraceptive Pills?

Taking emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) is one way to prevent pregnancy after having unprotected sex. Taken in the form of a single tablet, the pills come in two common types. One type, the levonorgestrel pill, works best up to 72 hours after unprotected sex, and reduces the risk of pregnancy when taken within 120 hours or 5 days after having unprotected sex. The other type, which is ulipristal acetate, can be taken up to five days after having intercourse. Both types of emergency contraception pills are often sold over the counter without a prescription to 17 years old and above.

How does the emergency contraceptive pill work

The emergency pill works by delaying ovulation of the release egg from a woman’s ovary during her monthly cycle, or if ovulation has already taken place, it stops a fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus. Pregnancy doesn’t occur right after sex, as it can take up to six days for the sperm and egg to meet after intercourse. Therefore, it’s possible to reduce the risk of pregnancy even after the act as long as you take the pills on time and without delay.

But can an emergency contraceptive pill fail

To avoid yourself getting pregnant, you’ll need to take the pills on time and without delay. Just because it takes days for the egg and sperm to meet doesn’t mean you would take the pill at the last minute. The sooner you take your emergency contraception pill the better as its chance of working decreases over time.

Just like any other medications, the pills are not without a few side effects, though nothing serious and life-threatening. You might feel uneasy and wanting to vomit after taking them, and even get a headache or lower abdominal pain. These side effects should stop within two days.

Emergency Contraceptive Pill Cost

The emergency contraceptive pills may cost anywhere from $30 to $65, but you can buy them for less at family planning clinics than at drugstores and private healthcare providers.